When to Declare and Use Prunable Model In Laravel

Today's Laravel release (8.50.0) includes support for "prunable" and "mass prunable" models. You will notice that sometimes you may want to periodically delete models that are no longer needed. In this example i will discuss about Laravel prunable model and when to use and how to declare prunable model.

In this type of situation you may add the Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Prunable or Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\MassPrunable trait to the models you would like to periodically prune.

 

laravel-prunable-model

 

After adding the traits to the model, implement a prunable method which returns an Eloquent query builder that resolves the models that are no longer needed like below:

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Prunable;

class Flight extends Model
{
    use Prunable;

    /**
     * Get the prunable model query.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Builder
     */
    public function prunable()
    {
        return static::where('created_at', '<=', now()->subMonth());
    }
}

 

When marking models as Prunable, we can also add a pruning method in this model. Remember this pruning method will be called before the model is deleted. This pruning method can be useful to delete any additional resources associated with the model

/**
 * Prepare the model for pruning.
 *
 * @return void
 */
protected function pruning()
{
    //
}

 

After configuring our prunable model, we should schedule the model:prune Artisan command in your application's App\Console\Kernel class. 

App\Console\Kernel

/**
 * Define the application's command schedule.
 *
 * @param  \Illuminate\Console\Scheduling\Schedule  $schedule
 * @return void
 */
protected function schedule(Schedule $schedule)
{
    $schedule->command('model:prune')->daily();
}

 

Now after adding the scheduler behind the scenes, the model:prune command will automatically detect "Prunable" models within app/Models directory.

If our models are in a different location, you may use the --model option to specify the model class names:

$schedule->command('model:prune', [
    '--model' => [Address::class, Flight::class],
])->daily();

 

Read also: How to Copy File from One Folder to Another in Laravel

 

Hope it can help you.

 

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A web enthusiastic, a self-motivated full-stack software engineer from Dhaka, Bangladesh with experience in developing applications using Laravel , React and Vue js