Laravel 9 Export Import Excel and CSV File Example

Hello Artisan,

In this tutorial, I will show you how to import and export csv and excel file data in Laravel 9 applications using maatwebsite/excel package. You know that it is a common requirement in our web applications that export and import features.

So I am here like before to show you an example of laravel 9 import export excel file example. This tutorial will give you a complete step by step beginner example of laravel 9 import export csv file. We will see from scratch an example of import export csv file in laravel 9. This laravel csv and excel article will give you a simple example of laravel 9 import file excel.

I will use maatwebsite/excel composer package for import and export data in Laravel. In this example, I will create a simple form for input where you can upload a CSV file and then will put a button to export users as excel data from the database in an excel file.

So, let's start the below step to create the import and export function in laravel 9 application. you can export file with .csv, .xls and .xlsx file.

laravel-9-matwebsite-excel-export-import-example

 

Step 1: Install Laravel 9

We are going to start from scratch. So download a fresh Laravel application like:

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

 

Step 2: Install maatwebsite/excel Package

In this step, we have to install maatwebsite/excel package via the Composer package manager, so one your terminal and fire bellow command:

composer require psr/simple-cache:^1.0 maatwebsite/excel

 

If you are running less than the laravel 9 versions then use bellow command:

composer require maatwebsite/excel

 

Recommended : Laravel 9 Upload CSV File Example Without Packages

 

Step 3: Create Dummy Records

In this third step, I will create some dummy records for the users' table, so we can export them with that users. so let's run bellow command:

php artisan tinker
User::factory()->count(10)->create()

 

Step 4: Create Import Class

In maatwebsite 3 versions provide a way to build an import class that we have to use in the controller. So it would be a great way to create a new Import class. So you have to run the following command and change the following code on that file

php artisan make:import UsersImport --model=User

 

Now it will generate and below file and update it like:

app/Imports/UsersImport.php

namespace App\Imports;
  
use App\Models\User;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\ToModel;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\WithHeadingRow;
use Hash;
  
class UsersImport implements ToModel, WithHeadingRow
{
    /**
    * @param array $row
    *
    * @return \Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model|null
    */
    public function model(array $row)
    {
        return new User([
            'name'     => $row['name'],
            'email'    => $row['email'], 
            'password' => Hash::make($row['password']),
        ]);
    }
}

 

Step 5: Create Export Class

In the maatwebsite 3 versions provide a way to build an export class and we have to use it in the controller. So it would be a great way to create a new Export class. So you have to run the following command and change the following code on that file:

php artisan make:export UsersExport --model=User

 

Now it will generate and below file and update it like:

app/Exports/UsersExport.php

namespace App\Exports;
  
use App\Models\User;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\FromCollection;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Concerns\WithHeadings;
  
class UsersExport implements FromCollection, WithHeadings
{
    /**
    * @return \Illuminate\Support\Collection
    */
    public function collection()
    {
        return User::select("id", "name", "email")->get();
    }
  
    /**
     * Write code on Method
     *
     * @return response()
     */
    public function headings(): array
    {
        return ["ID", "Name", "Email"];
    }
}

 

Step 6: Create Controller

In this step, we will create UserController with index(), export() and import() method. so first let's create a controller by following the command and updating code on it.

 

php artisan make:controller UserController

 

Now, update the code on the UserController file.

app/Http/Controllers/UserController.php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;
  
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use App\Exports\UsersExport;
use App\Imports\UsersImport;
use Maatwebsite\Excel\Facades\Excel;
use App\Models\User;
  
class UserController extends Controller
{
    /**
    * @return \Illuminate\Support\Collection
    */
    public function index()
    {
        $users = User::get();
  
        return view('users', compact('users'));
    }
        
    /**
    * @return \Illuminate\Support\Collection
    */
    public function export() 
    {
        return Excel::download(new UsersExport, 'users.xlsx');
    }
       
    /**
    * @return \Illuminate\Support\Collection
    */
    public function import() 
    {
        Excel::import(new UsersImport,request()->file('file'));
               
        return back();
    }
}

 

Step 7: Create Routes

In this step, we need to create routes for a list of users, import users, and export users. so open your "routes/web.php" file and add the following route.

routes/web.php

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Route;
  
use App\Http\Controllers\UserController;
  
/*
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
| Web Routes
|--------------------------------------------------------------------------
|
| Here is where you can register web routes for your application. These
| routes are loaded by the RouteServiceProvider within a group which
| contains the "web" middleware group. Now create something great!
|
*/
 
Route::controller(UserController::class)->group(function(){
    Route::get('users', 'index');
    Route::get('users-export', 'export')->name('users.export');
    Route::post('users-import', 'import')->name('users.import');
});

 

Step 8: Create Blade File

In the last step, let's create users.blade.php(resources/views/users.blade.php) for layout and we will write design code here and put the following code:

resources/views/users.blade.php

 

Read also: Upload Large CSV File using Queue Job Batching in Laravel

 

Hope this Laravel 9 export excel and csv upload tutorial will help you.

 

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A web enthusiastic, a self-motivated full-stack software engineer from Dhaka, Bangladesh with experience in developing applications using Laravel , React and Vue js